Source: Germanwatch, 2010: The Millenium Development Goals and Climate Change: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead <http://www.germanwatch.org/klima/klimdg10e.pdf >
In Northern Nigeria, firewood consumption has led to severe deforestation and desertification. Because regional sources have become scarce, today wood is mainly imported from Southern States and has become more and more expensive in the last years.
The share of energy to food costs is about 10 to 1 (in Europe only 1 to 1). The highly efficient wood stoves alleviate this problem by saving about 80% of the firewood. The stoves can work day and night and do not require a shift of cooking habits. Households save money every time they use the stove – a great incentive for daily use.
The German organisation Lernen, Helfen, Leben is organizing the procurement and shipment of the stoves, while the Nigerian organisation DARE is responsible for the assembly and sales.
The project facilitates the transfer of improved cook stoves in the Middle belt provinces in Nigeria. These stoves are assembled in Nigeria and will eventually be fully produced in the country. The main output of the project is a reduction in the energy to food costs in Nigerian household, reduced health impacts, and reduction of pollutants.
2.7t of CO2 are saved per stove annually. This is the equivalent of a plane-trip Frankfurt-Dakar (return). The project creates 30 000t of offset credits annually. It is CDM Gold Standard registered. There are several co-benefits regarding the MDGs:
Poverty reduction – MDG 1 (less time spent on wood collection, more time for other productive uses) as well as co-benefits for health – MDG 4, 5 and 6 (less black soot, less indoor pollution and less respiratory diseases).
The stove set, sold in Nigeria, includes heat retaining boxes, pans and pots, and costs about 100 EUR. Atmosfair funding is sufficient to entirely finance the stove. However, stove sets are sold for 60 EUR, a price, which even low-income households can afford. Due to the saved firewood, the payback period for the users is very short. The revenues from the sales are used to expand the distribution.
See for further information: http://www.atmosfair.de