An online clean technology database

Large scale - short term

Advanced Bio-hydrocarbon Fuels © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Advanced bio-hydrocarbons are second generation biofuels and are derived from lignocellulosic biomass such as trees, grasses, waste, agricultural or forest residues, or algae. These fuels are not...

Advanced paper recycling © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Recycling is a process which reconsiders the current life cycle of creating products and materials and associated process and final waste. Specifically, paper recycling is the process of...

Agriculture for biofuel production © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Biomass from the agriculture sector can be used to produce biofuels – solid, liquid and gaseous. Biofuels substitute fossil fuels for energy delivery. If biomass is grown in a sustainable cycle to...

Anaerobic biological treatment (Anaerobic digestion) © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Many developed and developing countries practice composting and...

Biochar © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Biochar is a charcoal-like substance produced from agriculture and forest wastes which contains 70% carbon. It is used as soil enhancer to increase fertility, prevent soil degradation and to...

Biodiesel © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Liquid biofuels for transport, including biodiesel, have to a certain extent been in use for a very long time. In recent years however, they are enjoying renewed interest in both developed and...

Bioethanol from sugar and starch based crops Sugar-beet based bioethanol refinery in the UK (source: British Sugar)

Liquid biofuels for transport have to a certain extent been in use for a very long time. In recent years however, they are enjoying renewed interest in both developed and developing countries as a...

Biogas for cooking and electricity © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Biogas is a gaseous mixture generated during anearobic digestion processes using waste water, solid waste (e.g. at landfills), organic waste, and other sources of biomass. Biogas can be upgraded...

Biomass combustion and co-firing for electricty and heat Alholmens Kraft, Finland, the world's largest biomass-fired power plant

Combustion is the most common way of converting solid biomass fuels to energy. Worldwide, it already provides over 90% of the energy generated from biomass, a significant part of which in the form...

Biomethane CNG hybrid fuel © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Transport sector is one of the major oil consuming sectors; it consumes 51% of the final oil consumption (International Energy Agency, 2010). There is a huge need of a sustainable fuel for the...

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