An online clean technology database

Industry: energy consumption, industrial processes, and product use

Direct casting for iron and steel sector © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

The iron and steel sector is the second-largest industrial user of energy, consuming 616 Mtoe in 2007 and is also the largest industrial source of CO2 emissions. The five most important...

Energy Efficiency and Saving in the Agri-food Industry © Climate Tech Wiki - acc and respective owners

The agri-food industry comprises an integrated complex production chain which ranges from the primary agriculture to the mature food and beverage sector. It is considered as one of the largest...

Energy Efficiency and Saving in the Cement Industry © Climate Tech Wiki - acc and respective owners

Cement is a global commodity, manufactured at thousands of plants. The industry is consolidating globally, but large international firms account for only 30% of the worldwide market. The principal...

Fuel switch in the ammonia industry QAFCO ammonia plant at Mesaieed (Qatar Petroleum)

Ammonia is the main product of the fertilizer industry. Developing countries account for the majority of worldwide production. About 77% of ammonia production is based on steam reforming of...

Hydrogen technologies Utsira Wind-Hydrogen Site

Hydrogen is considered an important fuel for future use in transportation, central and distributed electric power, portable power and combined heat and power for industrial development. The...

Increased glass recycling Flame in a glass furnace (ICG, 2010)

Over half of the energy consumption of the glass industry is used for melting in order to form the glass. Adding recycled glass to the raw materials reduces energy use and CO2 emissions...

Industrial Heat Pumps © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Industrial heat pumps can work in a variety of ways. This description discusses industrial heat pumps in general and additionally focuses on the most common applications:...

Inert anode technology for aluminium smelters © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

“Final energy consumption in the global aluminum industry in 2007 was estimated to be 93 Mtoe. The industry is highly electricity-intensive. Primary aluminum smelters used just over 50 Mtoe of...

Scrap preheating for iron and steel © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

Steel is by far the world’s most important metal, with a global production of 1120 Million Metric ton (MMt) in 2009 (Worldsteel, 2010). In september 2010 the most important steel...

Smelt reduction for iron and steel sector © ClimateTechWiki and respective owners

The iron and steel sector is the second-largest industrial user of energy, consuming 616 Mtoe in 2007 and is also the largest industrial source of CO2 emissions. The five most...

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