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Improved Cook Stoves project Nigeria - Atmosfair; Lernen, Helfen, Leben; DARE

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Improved Cook Stoves

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Since about 1.5 billion people in the world use traditional stoves for cooking (and heating), efforts to improve the efficiency of cookstoves have been increasingly popular in the developing world. Improved stoves come in different forms and sizes. 

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[Part of this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group.]

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows for the inclusion of improved cookstove projects, the emissions of which can be credited and sold. A key devlopment within the CDM that improves the viability of improved cook stove projects is the creation of the Programme of Activities (PoA). PoAs allow multiple CDM projects to be included under a policy or programmatic umbrella, in order to scale up energy efficiency and reduce transaction costs.

An example of a CDM project related to cookstoves is: Efficient Fuel Wood Stoves for Nigeria. This project uses the Energy Efficiency Measures in Thermal Applications of Non-Renewable Biomass methodology to calculate the emission reductions. Other relevant methodologies, depending on the project circumstances, are Thermal energy production with or without electricity.

As of March 2011, there were 19 improved cook stoves projects in the CDM pipeline, out of which 3 hade been registered.

Source: Germanwatch, 2010: The Millenium Development Goals and Climate Change: Taking Stock and Looking Ahead <http://www.germanwatch.org/klima/klimdg10e.pdf>

In Northern Nigeria, firewood consumption has led to severe deforestation and desertification. Because regional sources have become scarce, today wood is mainly imported from Southern States and has become more and more expensive in the last years.


The share of energy to food costs is about 10 to 1 (in Europe only 1 to 1). The highly efficient wood stoves alleviate this problem by saving about 80% of the firewood. The stoves can work day and night and do not require a shift of cooking habits. Households save money every time they use the stove – a great incentive for daily use.

Implementing Partners: 

The German organisation Lernen, Helfen, Leben is organizing the procurement and shipment of the stoves, while the Nigerian organisation DARE is responsible for the assembly and sales.

Location

jos
Nigeria
Stage of Project: 
ongoing
Main activity and output: 

The project facilitates the transfer of improved cook stoves in the Middle belt provinces in Nigeria. These stoves are assembled in Nigeria and will eventually be fully produced in the country. The main output of the project is a reduction in the energy to food costs in Nigerian household, reduced health impacts, and reduction of pollutants.

Expected impact: 

2.7t of CO2 are saved per stove annually. This is the equivalent of a plane-trip Frankfurt-Dakar (return). The project creates 30 000t of offset credits annually. It is CDM Gold Standard registered. There are several co-benefits regarding the MDGs:
Poverty reduction – MDG 1 (less time spent on wood collection, more time for other productive uses) as well as co-benefits for health – MDG 4, 5 and 6 (less black soot, less indoor pollution and less respiratory diseases).

Information about costs: 

The stove set, sold in Nigeria, includes heat retaining boxes, pans and pots, and costs about 100 EUR. Atmosfair funding is sufficient to entirely finance the stove. However, stove sets are sold for 60 EUR, a price, which even low-income households can afford. Due to the saved firewood, the payback period for the users is very short. The revenues from the sales are used to expand the distribution.

Lessons learned: 

See for further information: http://www.atmosfair.de