Using Financial and Market-based Mechanisms to improve Building Energy Efficiency in China
Financial and market-based mechanisms offer a route to increase take-up of energy efficiency measures in buildings. While market based mechanisms, principally the Clean Development Mechanism, have acted as a trigger in the development of many large, industrial scale energy efficiency projects in China, there has not been, as yet, a similar uptake of projects involving energy efficiency improvements to buildings.
There is however significant potential to improve building energy efficiency and this project will
- Consider the appropriate financial and, in particular, market-based mechanisms to trigger action in this area and develop a road-map to suggest a suitable route forward.
- Increase stakeholder awareness on the potential to improve building energy efficiency though financial and market based mechanisms.
This project will build on work carried out by the ERI in 2005, which involved a high-level review of incentive policies used internationally for building energy efficiency, by focussing specifically on financial and market-based mechanisms and the role that they can play.
- Investigate existing mechanisms (including building codes and standards) to improve building energy efficiency in China.
- Consider appropriate financial and market mechanisms being developed or used in other parts of the world. This will include taxes, subsidies, soft loans and other incentives; Tradable White Certificates (TWCs); CDM Programme of Activities and the Voluntary Emissions Reductions (VER) market.
- Assess the suitability of proposed mechanisms for China and investigate key issues such as which actors should be targeted by measures (e.g. building residents, district heating companies) and links to other policy objectives such as improved living conditions for residents.
- Develop a road-map for improving building energy efficiency in China through the use of financial and market-based mechanisms, in consultation with key stakeholders including, for example, the ERI, the China DNA and CDM and VER project developers.
- An increased understanding of the role that financial and market-based instruments, particularly the regulated and voluntary carbon markets, can play in reducing building energy consumption in China.
- A policy framework to create a favourable environment for implementation of market based instruments for energy efficiency in buildings.
- Increased awareness and readiness within the industry for the use of market mechanisms for energy efficiency.