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Technology leapfrogging in the Chinese lighting market through LED lighting

Compact Fluorescent Lamps

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Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) technology provides a low energy lighting service through the use of a compact fluorescent light bulb that replaces the normal Tungsten filament light bulb.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.

Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160

To develop a set of up-to-date practical test methods and evaluation criteria for LED lighting products in China, and use the technical methods established to steer the development of the LED lighting industry as a whole. 


39° 55' 44.04" N, 116° 23' 16.8" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Analyse the current LED industry and its market potential for the future.  
  • Research existing national and international testing methods for LED lighting products and lamps of a similar directional nature. Draft and formulate LED test methods.   
  • Research existing national and international evaluation criteria, and then draft and formulate LED evaluation criteria.
  • Test the feasibility of LED test methods and evaluation criteria in China.
  • Provide National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) a set of suitable test methods and evaluation criteria for LED lighting products as the strategic support to the promotion of energy efficient lighting.
Expected impact: 
  • Integration of LED lighting into the Chinese government's energy efficiency implementation drive.
  • Energy savings from the overall programme in excess of 1.46 million MWh/year (approximately 1.46 million tonnes per year of CO2 over the life of the lamps).
  • The test methods and evaluation criteria for LEDs could be transformed into national standards.
  • Successful standards will support appropriate product development and assist in harmonisation of international trade.
  • The policy of developing testing methods and evaluation criteria up front could be taken as a reference for promoting other product industries.