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Scaling up a proven mechanism to implement energy efficiency street lighting projects in India

Compact Fluorescent Lamps

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Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL) technology provides a low energy lighting service through the use of a compact fluorescent light bulb that replaces the normal Tungsten filament light bulb.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.

Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160

Dissemination of a proven approach to develop, implement and finance municipal energy efficiency projects, working with private sector (ESCOs) and carbon finance, to eliminate the barriers for such projects in India


28° 36' 0" N, 77° 12' 0" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Create a steering committee to implement the concept dissemination activities in India
  • Prepare and disseminate the required standard documents based on the previous project including a  conceptual document for internal approval in municipalities; technical, legal, financial, and other documents for City councils for bidding procedures; Request for Proposals (RFP); and Monitoring and Verification (M&V) plan and payment mechanism.
  • Seek support from local organisations.
  • Organise and deliver dissemination and capacity presentations in different states on the concept, and provide all the needed documents (in Hindi and English) to interested participants.
  • Support municipalities in utilising the concept within their process.
Expected impact: 
  • Over 100 cities exposed directly to the concept in at least five states.
  • A minimum of 10 cities entering into the process for energy efficiency project implementation.
  • Five different private sector companies (ESCOs) interested in the concept and willing to bid (or bidding) on projects.
  • Interest carbon credits buyers in the approach and enter into partnerships with potential sellers.