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Implementation of a Dissemination Strategy for Efficient Cook Stoves in Northeast Brazil

Improved Cook Stoves

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Since about 1.5 billion people in the world use traditional stoves for cooking (and heating), efforts to improve the efficiency of cookstoves have been increasingly popular in the developing world. Improved stoves come in different forms and sizes. 

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[Part of this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group.]

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) allows for the inclusion of improved cookstove projects, the emissions of which can be credited and sold. A key devlopment within the CDM that improves the viability of improved cook stove projects is the creation of the Programme of Activities (PoA). PoAs allow multiple CDM projects to be included under a policy or programmatic umbrella, in order to scale up energy efficiency and reduce transaction costs.

An example of a CDM project related to cookstoves is: Efficient Fuel Wood Stoves for Nigeria. This project uses the Energy Efficiency Measures in Thermal Applications of Non-Renewable Biomass methodology to calculate the emission reductions. Other relevant methodologies, depending on the project circumstances, are Thermal energy production with or without electricity.

As of March 2011, there were 19 improved cook stoves projects in the CDM pipeline, out of which 3 hade been registered.

To implement a dissemination strategy for efficient cook-stoves - including installation, sustainable forest recovery activities, and capacity building - that is adopted in Ceará state public policy through state development plans.


15° 46' 46.92" S, 47° 55' 46.92" W
Main activity and output: 
  • Install 200 additional improved cook stoves;
  • Recover shrubbery forest with native species;
  • Implement research on best dissemination strategy to determine the relative advantages of subsidising stove manufacturers versus stove users;
  • Implement best incentives for replanting methods and forest management to generate sustainable supply of fuel wood;
  • Capacitate Ceará state government in social, economic and ecological issues around efficient stove fabrication and distribution;
  • Work within Ceará state government to develop a dissemination model for efficient cook stoves adopted to their development plans and public policy.
Expected impact: 

The programme will take crucial steps towards:

  • Enactment of informed public policy that would encourage the sustainable use of biomass in rural communities;
  • Improve health through energy efficient cook stove application;
  • State government agencies will have learned best dissemination methods for efficient cook stoves in rural communities;
  • State government will have adopted or be close to adopting this technology in the state development plans and will be pursuing financing options for further up-scaling.


The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) is an active, global partnership that works to reduce the barriers limiting the uptake of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, with a primary focus on emerging markets and developing countries.