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Energy policies and regulations for the built environment in Bangalore, India

Energy Savings in buildings

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Technologies and measures which are aimed at reducing the use of energy in buildings could have several advantages, such as lower energy bills, increasing comfort of living or working, and reduced impact on the environment, including reduction of CO2 emissions. The options considered for energy savings particularly leading to CO2 emission reductions include the following:

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.


Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160

To help frame energy management policies and regulations for new and existing buildings in the City of Bangalore, covering a wide range of energy demand reduction and energy efficiency measures.


28° 36' 0" N, 77° 12' 0" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Frame policies, guidelines and regulations to facilitate BDA and BBMP achieve energy efficiency and promote renewable energy at building level in  Bangalore, specifically covering:

                 o Reduced energy demand at design stage
                 o Cooling / heating systems for buildings
                 o Energy efficient lighting requirements
                 o Energy efficient appliance requirements
                 o Renewables such as solar water heating

  • Develop methods for economic appraisal and life cycle savings analysis to help building professionals make energy-efficient decisions
  • Make these methods available as part of a web based tool for professionals
  • Work out financial incentives (e.g. programmatic CDM) with BDA, BBMP and financial institutions
  • Develop training modules and information
Expected impact: 
  • Building by-laws for the city of Bangalore revised to integrate energy efficiency and renewable energy.
  • Increased awareness of energy efficiency and its advantages amongst the Government officials, local urban bodies as well as architects, developers builders,  and financial institutions
  • Growth in the market for energy efficient and renewable energy products
  • Reduction of green house emissions from the buildings sector in Bangalore.