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Commercialisation of Large Scale Solar Water Heating Systems

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Solar Cooling and Hybrid Systems with Heating and Hot Water

© Climate Tech Wiki - acc and respective owners

Solar cooling technologies transform solar radiation to provide space cooling and refrigeration services. Air conditioning in buildings has traditionally been provided by air conditioners using electrically driven vapour compression chillers. These are responsible not only for GHG emissions, but also use CFCs and HCFCs and related compounds as refrigerant fluids, which also contribute to climate change and are known to deplete the ozone layer.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of solar thermal energy projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

ACM2 “Consolidated baseline methodology for grid-connected electricity generation from renewable sources”
AMS- I.C. “Thermal energy production with or without electricity”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

As of 1 February 2010, there are 10 solar thermal projects in the CDM pipeline - 5 areregistered and 5 are at the validation stage. [media:image:7]

Example CDM project:
Title: Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project (CDM Ref. No. 2307)
The Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project is located on the dry land of southern Ningxia in northwestern China. Implemented by Ningxia Federal Intertrade Co., the proposed project will install 17,000 solar cookers for the poor rural residents in mountainous areas with a rural population of 92,331 (or 20,341 households). The project will cover 83.6% of the households in the project region. The rating power of each solar cooker is 773.5 W and the total capacity of the proposed project is 13.1 MW. The proposed project will enable the rural residents to efficiently substitute solar energy for the fossil fuel (coal) used in daily cooking and water boiling - avoiding CO2 emission that would be generated by fossil fuel consumption.
Project investment: USD 900,000 million
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 10 years: 357,230 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (USD 10/CER): USD 3,572,300

Solar Cooling and Hybrid Systems with Heating and Hot Water

© Climate Tech Wiki - acc and respective owners

Solar cooling technologies transform solar radiation to provide space cooling and refrigeration services. Air conditioning in buildings has traditionally been provided by air conditioners using electrically driven vapour compression chillers. These are responsible not only for GHG emissions, but also use CFCs and HCFCs and related compounds as refrigerant fluids, which also contribute to climate change and are known to deplete the ozone layer.

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of solar thermal energy projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

ACM2 “Consolidated baseline methodology for grid-connected electricity generation from renewable sources”
AMS- I.C. “Thermal energy production with or without electricity”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

As of 1 February 2010, there are 10 solar thermal projects in the CDM pipeline - 5 areregistered and 5 are at the validation stage. [media:image:7]

Example CDM project:
Title: Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project (CDM Ref. No. 2307)
The Federal Intertrade Pengyang Solar Cooker Project is located on the dry land of southern Ningxia in northwestern China. Implemented by Ningxia Federal Intertrade Co., the proposed project will install 17,000 solar cookers for the poor rural residents in mountainous areas with a rural population of 92,331 (or 20,341 households). The project will cover 83.6% of the households in the project region. The rating power of each solar cooker is 773.5 W and the total capacity of the proposed project is 13.1 MW. The proposed project will enable the rural residents to efficiently substitute solar energy for the fossil fuel (coal) used in daily cooking and water boiling - avoiding CO2 emission that would be generated by fossil fuel consumption.
Project investment: USD 900,000 million
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 10 years: 357,230 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (USD 10/CER): USD 3,572,300

To establish a facility for Solar Water Heating (SWH) to scale-up current activities in large scale SWH-applications.

Location

South Africa
25° 42' 24.84" S, 28° 13' 45.84" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Develop a business plan for a €1.5 million SWH investment facility, demonstrating the financial potential for large scale SWH installations;
  • Provide an additional €250,000 required for facility development, EDS and management fees;
  • Secure financial commitment from prospective financiers and donors with a background in renewable energy, energy efficiency, sustainable development and corporate social responsibility;
  • Organise a market development and training workshop with all stakeholders;
  • Develop investment opportunities by engaging E+Co's network partners in South Africa;
  • Implement the facility.
  • Evaluate the results and decide whether a full scale self-sustaining Fund is justifiable.
Expected impact: 
  • Increased dissemination of clean, reliable and affordable SWH systems combining the benefits of renewables and energy efficiency and applying appropriate financial techniques;
  • Provision of approx. 200,000 litres of hot water/day to approx. 4,200 individuals through the financed SWH systems;
  • Development of concept for a financially sustainable stand-alone SWH investment fund with investment capital of approx. 15 million.