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Building Energy Efficiency Codes in Russia and Kazakhstan

Energy Savings in buildings

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Technologies and measures which are aimed at reducing the use of energy in buildings could have several advantages, such as lower energy bills, increasing comfort of living or working, and reduced impact on the environment, including reduction of CO2 emissions. The options considered for energy savings particularly leading to CO2 emission reductions include the following:

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.


Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160

To improve compliance with new building energy codes and provide training and resources to enable designers to go further.To help building officials to better implement and enforce the codes.


55° 45' 7.92" N, 37° 36' 56.16" E
51° 10' 51.96" N, 71° 25' 40.08" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Develop improved building-energy codes and compliance manuals;
  • Deliver seminars on design and construction of buildings that comply with newly enacted codes. Attendees are building designers, engineers and building officials. NIISF presents seminars and includes techniques for achieving efficiency beyond compliance;
  • Provide training to leading building officials on best practices in code enforcement and continuous code improvement as well as on efficient building techniques and technologies;
  • Provide technical assistance in evaluating and improving the energy efficiency of designs for key buildings.
Expected impact: 
  • Improved code enforcement and implementation through training for building code officials;
  • Empowerment of building designers through training generating more efficient building design;
  • Increased user friendliness of new codes and manuals;
  • Improved code compliance and more efficient buildings saving energy and reducing emissions.