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Barrier Removal for Residential Energy Efficiency

Energy Savings in buildings

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Technologies and measures which are aimed at reducing the use of energy in buildings could have several advantages, such as lower energy bills, increasing comfort of living or working, and reduced impact on the environment, including reduction of CO2 emissions. The options considered for energy savings particularly leading to CO2 emission reductions include the following:

Clean Development Mechanism market status: 

[this information is kindly provided by the UNEP Risoe Centre Carbon Markets Group]

Project developers of energy efficiency in buildings projects in the CDM pipeline mainly apply the following methodologies:

AMS-II.E “Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings”
AMS-II.C “Demand-side energy efficiency activities for specific technologies”
AMS-II.J “Demand-side activities for efficient lighting technologies”
AM0046 “Distribution of efficient light bulbs to households”
Further information on these metholodogies can be found here.

The energy efficiency household projects are currently representing 0.1% of the CDM projects in the pipeline. Presently, there are six CDM projects registered in energy efficiency for households - four of them are based on lighting/insulation and two on improved stoves. The lighting/insulation projects are located in India and one in South Africa. The improved stove projects are based in Zambia and Nigeria.


Example CDM project:
Title: Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project (CDM Ref. No. 1754)
The “Visakhapatnam (India) OSRAM CFL distribution CDM Project” involves the distribution of approximately 450,000 to 500,000 OSRAM long life Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in the district of Visakhapatnam, which numbers about 700,000 households. The CFLs used are OSRAM DULUX EL LONGLIFE, and have the capacity of 15,000 hours and 80% lower energy consumption than a conventional light bulb.
Project investment: USD 2,036,000
Project CO2 reduction over a crediting period of 7 years: 51,116 tCO2e
Expected CER revenue (assuming USD 10/CER): USD 511,160

To improve the institutional capacity of local and national governments to formulate policies that promote the development and implementation of residential energy efficiency projects, especially for multifamily buildings where there is a high concentration of vulnerable (low income) households.


40° 10' 51.96" N, 44° 30' 48.96" E
55° 45' 7.92" N, 37° 36' 56.16" E
50° 25' 59.88" N, 30° 31' 0.12" E
47° 0' 20.16" N, 28° 51' 27" E
Main activity and output: 
  • Organise a detailed analysis of barriers and opportunities for increasing energy efficiency in each countries residential sector, examining the crucial role of the Home Owners Associations and condominiums, housing maintenance and management companies in improving EE in multifamily buildings;
  • Compile case studies about the major barriers to residential energy efficiency and the mechanisms used to address them;
  • Organise a targeted workshop to present and discuss findings from the case studies;
  • Develop policy recommendations for each participating country;
  • Disseminate findings, case studies and recommendations to key decision makers in each country through developing websites, newsletters and publications of municipal associations or energy agencies.
Expected impact: 
  • Increased awareness and capacity of municipal associations and municipalities to provide policy and market incentives for residential energy efficiency;
  • Facilitation of legislation to support and stimulate the marketplace for energy efficiency. Currently Armenia and Moldova are considering new legislation on energy efficiency and renewable energy.